Definitions for "Standards-based assessment"
Keywords:  norm, learner, pergamon, jackie, keeves
Assessments intended to represent systematically described content and achievement standards American Educational Research Association, American Psychological Association, & National Council on Measurement in Education. (1999). Standards for educational and psychological testing. Washington, DC: American Educational Research Association, p. 183.
According to the Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO), a standards-based assessment is a process through which the criteria for assessment are derived directly from content and/or performance standards.
A standard-based assessment assesses learner achievement in relation to set standards. The NCEA uses standards to show what students know and can do. Standards are written statements that describe exactly what a student has to know and be able to do in order to be awarded a unit or achievement standard and therefore gain credits towards the NCEA (or other qualification). A student's achievement is benchmarked or compared to an expected level, rather than to other students' achievements (norm-based assessment).