Definitions for "Post-translational modification"
Covalent modification of proteins following translation, including glycosylation, phosphorylation, sulfation, acetylation, and ribosylation.
Proteins in cells can be extensively modified, typical changes being N- or C-terminal cleavages, glycosylation, phosphorylation, sulphation, etc.; as a consequence there are many more proteins in the proteome than there are genes in the genome
Alterations made to a protein after its synthesis at the ribosome. These modifications, such as the addition of carbohydrate or fatty acid chains, may be critical to the function of the protein.