Definitions for "Case sensitivity"
If there is a difference between whether a word or letter needs to be entered in upper case (ABC) or lower case (abc) the system is said to be case sensitive. Usernames and passwords are often case sensitive, so it important you remember this information exactly.
HFS file names can be saved in uppercase or lowercase letters. The file named ./FILE1 does not refer to the same file as ./file1 or ./File1.
A characteristic of computer software that considers the case of alphabetic characters to be significant. For example, a case sensitive search engine would not retrieve the character string "Encoding" if the search was entered as "encoding". In XML, tags are case-sensitive, and so all EAD tag names must be entered in lower case.