Definitions for "Valence electron"
" An electron of the outermost shell of an atom; one of those most active in bonding. "
Electrons that can be actively involved in chemical change; usually electrons in the shell with the highest value of n. For example, sodium's ground state electron configuration is 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s1; the 3s electron is the only valence electron in the atom. Germanium (Ge) has the ground state electron configuration 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p2; the 4s and 4p electrons are the valence electrons.
an electron in the outer shell of an atom which can combine with other atoms to form molecules