Definitions for "Urban heat island"
Buildup of heat in the atmosphere above an urban area. The large concentration of cars, buildings, factories, and other heat-producing activities produces this heat.
The increased temperatures in urban areas compared with surrounding rural areas. This is due to the significant amount of brick, concrete, asphalt, etc, in a city which absorbs significant amounts of heat during the day and releases it gradually at night, keeping the urban areas warmer than the surrounding rural areas.
Refers to the tendency for urban areas to have warmer air temperatures than the surrounding rural landscape, due to the low albedo of streets, sidewalks, parking lots, and buildings.  These surfaces absorb solar radiation during the day and release it at night, resulting in higher night temperatures.