Definitions for

**"Supercomputer"****Related Terms:**Mainframe computer, Mainframe, Minicomputer, Microcomputer, Parallel computer, Computer architecture, Personal computer, Workstation, Central processor, Processor, Central processing unit, Time sharing, Computer, Cpu, Hpc, Computer system, Computer, Mpp , Cpu - central processing unit, Risc, Reduced instruction set computer, Cisc, Complex instruction set computer, Emulation, Hardware, Cluster, Array processor, Computer science, Portable, Reduced instruction set computing, Parallel processing, Machine cycle, Instruction, Embedded system, Coprocessor, Multiprocessing, Digital computer, Multiprocessor, Math coprocessor, Co-processor, Epic , Pipelining, Computer program, Computation, Superscalar, Computer, Computer, Turing machine , Desktop computer, Software

The largest, fastest, and most expensive type of computer made, designed to execute complex calculations rapidly. Supercomputers are used mostly for scientific research.

The category that includes the largest and most powerful computers.

a computer that uses state-of-the-art technology to achieve high-speed computations. (See also text in CompPwr, testbed, and NewSW.)

Like a High Performance Computer, but often reserved for vector computers.

A computer that is especially designed to receive, process and present very large amounts of data very quickly. The Cray Y-MP is an example of a supercomputer that is resident at NASA Ames Research Center and is used for CFD.

very high-capability, high-cost computer, used primarily for complex calculations such as those in research projects.

a computer more powerful than other contemporary computers. The definition is moving over time, so that todays common computers can be more powerful than supercomputers of the past. Todays supercomputers have many CPUs, while todays common computers just one or two.

The fastest type of computer, designed for enormous, intensive processing tasks such as analyzing complex weather models and simulating nuclear explosions.

a mainframe computer that is one of the most powerful available at a given time

a box that turns your CPU-bound problem into an I/O-bound problem

a computer A computer is a device or machine for making calculations or controlling operations that are expressible in numerical or logical terms

a computer one order of magnitude less powerful than is needed to solve the problems we have right now

a computer that runs an endless loop in two seconds

a design that converts computer price/performance into raw performance

a device for converting a CPU-bound problem into an I/O bound problem

a device for turning compute-bound problems in

a device for turning compute-bound problems into I/O-bound problems

a giant computer with incredible calculation power, used for special calculation-intensive applications--such as cinema-quality animation and high-level artificial intelligence

a machine that converts a compute-bound problem into an I/O-bound problem

a machine that turns a cpu bound problem into an I/O bound problem"

an array of processors or "nodes" that work in parallel to solve a computationally challenging problem, for example modelling weather systems or the flow of oil through rocks

a network of several computers controlled by a single server using special server software (Microsoft makes a version of this called Advanced Server)

a powerful computer that possesses the capacity to store and process far more information than is possible using a conventional personal computer

a powerful mainframe computer that is among the most powerful, fastest or largest of computers available at a certain time

a very high performance computer, which has the capacity to perform several times better and faster than a normal personal computer

The fastest computer. Supercomputers are expensive but run at a faster speed than a typical home computer. Pictures: Supercomputers at the Loma Linda University Hospital

A category that includes the fastest and most powerful computers.

The fastest and most powerful computers available at any given time. Supercomputers are used for computations demanding high speed and storage (e.g., analyzing weather data).

The fastest, most expensive, and most powerful type of computer.

A very fast, high-performance mainframe computer. They are commonly used to solve complex mathematical and scientific problems.

The class of fastest and most powerful computers available.

The fastest type of computer used for specialized applications that require a massive number of mathematical calculations. The NSA supercomputer center contains the largest accumulation of computer power in any one building on Earth. One Cray Triton supercomputer at the facility can handle 64 billion instructions per second, and there are many of them at the NSA.

a computer designed to perform calculations as fast as current technology allows and used to solve extremely complex problems. Supercomputers are designed to work on a single problem at a time, devoting all their resources to the solution of the problem

a computer so large and fast that several mainframes or minicomputers are needed as "front ends" to keep it busy; usually used for number crunching

Unusually powerful computers that can perform complex calculations quickly.

A time dependent term which refers to the class of most powerful computer systems world-wide at the time of reference.

A time-dependent term that refers to the class of most powerful computer systems worldwide at the time of reference.

This is a mainframe-sized computer that operates much faster than a normal desktop or laptop computer, and is used for special science and military projects.

The fastest and most expensive type of computer designed for massive mathematical calculations necessary for much high-level scientific research. Supercomputer speeds today are measured in gigaflops (one billion floating-point mathematical operations in a second) and soon in teraflops (one trillion such operations).

This refers to a computer that is able to operate at a speed that places it at or near the top speed of currently produced computers. Most supercomputers cost millions of dollars.

At any given time, that class of general-purpose computers that are both faster than their commercial competitors and have sufficient central memory to store the problem sets for which they are designed. Computer memory, throughput, computational rates, and other related computer capabilities contribute to performance. Consequently, a quantitative measure of computer power in large-scale scientific processing does not exist, and a precise definition of supercomputers is difficult to formulate.

the most powerful type of computer; often used to forecast weather, navigate satellites, etc

A very powerful computer, normally used to calculate large mathematical problems, and predict geological patterns.

An extremely fast computer.

Highly powerful, extraordinarily fast computers, typically used for research and other applications that require massive mathematical calculations. Grid computing gives e-businesses supercomputer-level power using their existing systems.

A supercomputer is a computer that leads the world in terms of processing capacity, particularly speed of calculation, at the time of its introduction. The term "Super Computing" was first used by New York World newspaper in 1920 to refer to large custom-built tabulators IBM made for Columbia University.

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