Definitions for "SEPARATE PROPERTY"
Keywords:  wife, gift, devise, inherit, spouse
Separate property is everything that the husband and wife own separately. In a community property state, this includes property received by gift or inheritance, as well as property acquired before the marriage. In a common law separate property state (which is every state except for Arizona, California, Idaho, Louisiana, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, Washington, and Wisconsin), the spouse whose name is on the title document, whether a deed or account registration, owns that property. If there is no such document, the spouse who paid for the property owns it. Money earned by one spouse remains the separate property of that spouse. However, if both spouses put their names on the title document, they own the property jointly. Nevertheless, in the event of a divorce, a court in a separate property state will distribute all of the property acquired by both spouses in a manner deemed to be "equitable" or fair in each case.
property that is not marital or community property. Usually owned prior to the marriage or received by inheritance or gift during the marriage. Also called nonmarital property.
Property in a community property state which is owned by only one spouse. It is the opposite of community property, and can be created by acquisition prior to the marriage, a devise under a will, a gift solely to that spouse, or by inheritance. It must be clearly maintained as separate property or it may become commingled with the couple's community property and then become community property.