The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (the former Yugoslavia) was a political entity formed with six Republics and two autonomous regions by Tito in 1944. Its effective demise began with the 14th Extraordinary Congress of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia (LCY) in 1990, when Slovenia and Croatia began their secession activities in response to Serbian nationalist activities in Kosovo led by Slobodan Milosevic. In April 1992 the European Community and U.S. recognized Bosnia-Herzegovina, and the Serbs began the offensive which led to defendant Dusko Tadic's activities. At the same time Serbia and Montenegro formed the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, maintaining control of the JNA and most of the revenues of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
a mountainous republic in southeastern Europe
Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in Latin, ÐˆÑƒÐ³Ð¾ÑÐ»Ð°Ð²Ð¸Ñ˜Ð° in Cyrillic, English: "Land of the South Slavs") describes four political entities that existed one at a time on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe, during most of the 20th century.