Work Experience is another of the listed work activities under TANF. (Section 407(d)(4)) As used in TANF, work experience has generally been understood to mean an activity in which the participant does some type of work that provides experience designed to improve employability. Work might be performed for any public or private agency or company. The term is generally understood to mean a program in which a participant would continue to receive a regular welfare grant. However, as the term is not defined in the statute, nor by regulation, there is nothing to bar a structure in which a participant is paid wages for hours worked.