A decorative hardwood, mainly from southern Europe. The English variety has a finer figure and colour but is rare. Walnut is a wood with a grey background and dark, sometimes ruddy streaks, used for carving, turnery, and veneers, in which its burrs and crutches are valued.
A popular nut with a distinctive brain shape. Walnuts are used in sweet and savoury cooking, and are good pickled and served with cheese. They can also be used finely chopped with sweet dishes or roughly chopped with salads and stir fries. Best stored whole with shell on.
A veneer offering a variety of grain configurations, including ribbon-like or cathedral patterns. While its natural color ranges from light gray-brown to dark purplish-brown, Walnut veneer can be stained to achieve a wide variety of colors. Walnut provides a strong, resistant veneer appropriate for use in high-quality furniture.
A highly desirable wood used for both cabinet woods and veneers. Walnut carves and holds its shape well; veneers have distinctive and handsome grains. Like mahogany and cherry, walnut is found in some of the most impressive English and American antiques.
A fairly hard fine-grained wood of rich brown colour, veined and shaded with darker brown and black. Considerably used in the making of furniture, particularly of the Queen Anne period. English walnut is usually distinguishable by its rich golden-brown colour and straight grain, foreign varieties being of a darker colour.
A light brown wood with well defined markings. Walnut has been a leading wood for furniture since ancient times due to its prevalence wherever civilizations have flourished as well as its excellence and wide adaptability.
The nuts of all the species are edible, but the walnuts commonly available in stores are from the Persian Walnut, the only species which has a large nut and thin shell. A horticultural form selected for thin nut shells and hardiness in temperate zones is sometimes known as the 'Carpathian' walnut. The nuts are rich in oil, and are widely eaten both fresh and in cookery. Walnuts are also an excellent source of omega-3 fatty acids, and have been shown as helpful in lowering cholesterol. They need to be kept dry and refrigerated to store well; in warm conditions they become rancid in a few weeks, particularly after shelling. Walnut nut husks are often used to create a rich yellow-brown to dark brown dye that is used for dyeing fabric and for other purposes. When picking walnuts, the husks should be handled wearing rubber gloves, to avoid dyeing one's fingers.
Walnut has been used for European furniture making since the 16th Century. A rich golden brown, it was valued by furniture makers in England from circa 1650. Virginia walnut, also called black walnut or red walnut was used as a substitute for mahogany, circa 1730.
Walnuts (genus Juglans) are plants in the walnut family Juglandaceae. They are deciduous trees, 10 - 40 metres tall, with pinnate leaves 200 - 900 millimetres long, with 5 - 25 leaflets; the shoots have chambered pith, a character shared with the wingnuts (Pterocarya) but not the hickories (Carya) in the same family.