An explanation for natural evil. For example, the theory of evolution is an explanation for the fact of the shortcomings and harshness of nature. Darwin had a hard time believing that a sovereign God would create nature in the state that he saw it.
(Greek for "justice of God") A term that denotes the issue of God's justice in relation to the problem of human suffering, used often in discussions of the book of Job relating to the attempt to justify God in the face of evil. See Chapter 13, Chapter 14, Part 3.
Theodicy (adjectival form "theodicean") is a specific branch of theology and philosophy that attempts to reconcile the existence of evil in the world with the assumption of a benevolent God —ie. the problem of evil. An attempt to reconcile the co-existence of evil and God may thus be called "a theodicy".