An exponent of ( tasawwuf) Sufism, the commonest term for that aspect of Islam which is based on realizing the seen and unseen. The Arabic faqir and the Persian darvish, both meaning 'poor', are applied to Sufis in reference to their poor or wandering life.
A Muslim mystic. (Arb. Suf, 'wool' originally ascetics who wore coarse wool, symbolic of their having renounced all the comforts of life). The earlier Sufis were indeed ascetics rather than mystics, more of saints than seers. Mysticism as such grew and developed in Persia and not in the Arabian desert. Pantheistic unitarianism is the essential characteristic of Sufism. It signifies a person with a pure heart.
A Muslim mystic found across all types of Islam. Few in number but very influential.They seek the deeper meaning of Islam through practices such as asceticism, contemplation and prayer. One sect, for instance, the whirling dervishes, seeks meaning through ecstatic dancing.
(Pronounced "SOO fee".) A sect within Islam focused on philosophy and mysticism. One Sufi form of expression that most Westerners have heard of is the "whirling dervish". The whirling is a form of movement meditation.