Formal procedures for analyzing experimental data and assessing the uncertainty of the analysis results. Hypothesis testing and parameter estimation are two important statistical inference topics.
the generalization of findings from a sample to the broader population from which the sample has been randomly drawn. A variety of statistical tests, such as the chi-square, help in estimating the level of probability that such inferences about the population are true, given the sample size. This is expressed as the statistical significance of the finding.
The process of making conclusions about a population using data collected from a sample.
Keywords:  analysis, see
See statistical analysis.