Before governments and societies were formed, humans lived in the state of nature, where it was every man for himself. Accounts of what this was like vary according to who you read. It means more or less the stone age period.
The human condition of natural freedoms and rights prior to the imposition of social organization and regulation (or social contract). It is a state, therefore, that may be thought of as either an alleged historical fact, or an hypothetical claim about what would be or would have been the case, given certain conditions that may or may not have occurred.