The government of any State of the U. S., the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, any U.S. territory or possession, or any agency/instrumentality of a State exclusive of local governments. For purposes of NIH grants, federally recognized Indian tribal governments generally are considered State governments. State institutions of higher education and State hospitals are not considered State governments for HHSâ€™s general administrative requirements for grants and the NIHGPS.
A state government (provincial government in Canada) is the government of a subnational entity in States with federal forms of government, which shares political power with the federal government or national government. A state government may have some level of political autonomy, or be subject to the direct control of the federal government. This relationship may be mediated by a constitution.