the French equivalent of the English "spiritualism." It is associated with Allan Kardec's doctrine of reincarnation which does not figure in spiritualism. The latter term, as used on the Continent, denotes a religio -philosophical belief, opposed to materialism and having different psychological characteristics so that one-as Prof. Flournoy confesses himself to be - may be a spiritist without being a spiritualist and vice versa. Flournoy believes that a spiritual world exists and that we live after the apparent destruction of the body but he would not admit the possibility of the experimental demonstration of the very same tenet.
(spiritualism) belief that human personality survives death and communicates with the living through a medium sensitive to its vibrations. Communication may be psychic, as in clairvoyance or trance speaking, or physical, as in automatic writing or ecto plasmic materializations. Spiritualistic phenomena are now under scientific investigation.
in a simplified definition, it is the set of beliefs or principles founded upon the existence of spirits and their manifestation. The name was thought out by Allan Kardec. (See The Spirit's Book - Introduction - Item I)