Any liquid produced by distillation; especially, alcohol, the spirits, or spirit, of wine (it having been first distilled from wine): -- often in the plural.
Rum, whisky, brandy, gin, and other distilled liquors having much alcohol, in distinction from wine and malt liquors.
( spiritus): an essence or extract that can be prepared from another substance as by distillation. If not specified, spirits refer to alcohol (ethanol). ... of alum: sulfuric acid, H2SO4 colonial or Columbian ...: methanol, CH3OH ... of hartshorn: ammonia, NH3, or its aqueous solution (formerly prepared from animal horns or hooves); see also salt of hartshorn. See alkaline air, volatile alkali. [ Black] ... of nitre: nitric acid, HNO3 ( aqua fortis, nitrous acid, acid spirit of nitre) [ Cavendish, Fahrenheit, Mayow, Priestley] or ethyl nitrite, C2H5NO2, also known as the sweet spirit of nitre or nitrous ether. See nitre. pyroacetic ...: acetone, (CH3)2CO pyroligneous or pyroxylic ...: methanol ... of salt ( spiritus salis): hydrochloric acid, HCl ( acidum salis, marine acid, muriatic acid). [ Black, Scheele] ... of vitriol ( spiritus vitrioli): vitriolic acid. ... of wine ( spiritus vini): concentrated aqueous ethanol, C2H5OH, typically prepared by distilling wine; see aqua vitae. [ Fahrenheit, Helmont, Mayow, Scheele, et al.] ... of wood: methanol