Definitions for "Schema theory"
a view that comprehension depends on integrating new knowledge with a network of prior knowledge. Note: In schema theory, reading is seen as "an active process of constructing meaning by connecting old knowledge with new information encountered in text" (Anderson & Pearson, 1984). Several varieties of schema theory have been proposed, each of which includes encoding processes (selection, abstraction, interpretation, and integration) and a retrieval process (reconstruction).
the theory that long-term memories are stored as parts of schemas, which are cognitive structures that organize knowledge about events or objects. (281)
The theory that information stored in LTM sometimes changes over time to become more consistent with our beliefs, knowledge, and expectations.