a generic term encompassing the re-employment, reuse, recycling or regeneration of waste. Among the various types of energy recovery are: - waste-to-energy recovery: recovery of calories contained in incinerated waste, allowing thermal or electric energy production; - physical recovery: waste treatment enabling reuse, re-employment, or recycling (e.g. waste originating from selective collection and recycling, bottom ash used for roadbeds); - biological recovery: an organic waste processing technique using composting or methanization techniques.
Any activity carried on for the purposes of reclaiming or re-using, in whole or in part, the waste and any activities related to such reclamation, recycling or re-use, including any of the activities specified in the Fourth Schedule of the Act, and waste recovery activity shall be construed accordingly.
The process of obtaining materials or energy resources from solid waste. (Code of Federal Regulations, Title 40, 245.101).