Term first applied to the Biblical land of Canaan by the Judean kingdom's second-century Roman conquerors in an attempt to minimize the land's identification with the Jews. The word is derived from the Philistines, who settled the region in the 12th century B.C.E. Prior to the creation of the State of Israel, the term "Palestine" referred to the mandate awarded to Britain by the League of Nations in 1922 and was maintained until Israel's establishment in 1948.
A name given to Eretz Israel after the conquest of Judea in 70 AD. It is derived from the word "Philistines," a people who had occupied the coastal areas of the land in ancient times, but who had long since passed from history.
Derived from the Philistines who were part of the group of the Sea Peoples. It includes the southern half of the Levant.