Definitions for "Ontology"
A systematic arrangement of all of the important categories of objects or concepts which exist in some field of discourse, showing the relations between them. When complete, an ontology is a categorization of all of the concepts in some field of knowledge, including the objects and all of the properties, relations, and functions needed to define the objects and specify their actions. A simplified ontology may contain only a hierarchical classification (a taxonomy) showing the type subsumption relations between concepts in the field of discourse. An ontology may be visualized as an abstract graph with nodes and labeled arcs representing the objects and relations.
(32NN) A model of how to specify a subject area of interest in which concepts, their attributes, and relationships (associations between concepts) are explicitily named and distinguished. Constraints stipulate distinctions that differentiate concepts, governing how they participate in relationships, and how implicit knowledge is made explicit through qualifiers that allow inferencing over relationships properties. A standard language for representing an ontology on the web is the W3C standard OWL. (329E) See W3C Semantic Web Website (329F)
A vocabulary and set of agreed upon definitions to describe a subject domain. The general subject area of reactive, real-time systems does not have an ontology. However, the various subfields all have their own ontologies. e.g., this glossary. Note that this definition is a good bit narrower than what a philosopher would likely take to be an ontology.
That department of the science of metaphysics which investigates and explains the nature and essential properties and relations of all beings, as such, or the principles and causes of being.
The branch of philosophy that is concerned with basic questions about reality and existence.
The branch of metaphysics concerned with the question of the sorts of things that exist.
a coherent set of definitions of terms (in KIF, relation, function, or object constants) including axioms constraining their usage and meaning, and English text decribing it for humans
a collection of descriptions of the world that helps us define the meaning of our experience and actions
a logical theory that constrains the indended models of a logical language
Keywords:  explication, implicit
an explication of the very implicit knowledge
The hierarchical structuring of knowledge about things by subcategorizing them according to their essential (or at least relevant and/or cognitive) qualities. This is an extension of the previous senses of "ontology" which has become common in discussions about the difficulty of maintaining subject indices.
a PATIKA object, which describes the common functionality and information
Set of fuzzy items described by any Declarative Language.
There are a couple of phrases you may hear on MythoSelf(r) Process trainings where the word ontology is used. The first is "having an ontological awareness", and this means having awareness of yourself at the level of Being (your core/the core of who you are). The other is "at the level of ontology" which is referring to an awareness at the level of your ontology (as opposed to the level of thinking and knowledge i.e. what you know - or what you think you know!).
From OWL Web Ontology Language Guide ( 2004-02-10)(1) collection of information, generally including information about classes and properties(2) the information contained in an ontology document
Keywords:  systematic, account
a systematic account of
Keywords:  encoding, way
a way of encoding knowledge
a type of knowledge representation system which includes common sense knowledge organized so that a computer system can perform deductive reasoning
Keywords:  agreed, set, terms
a set of agreed terms
Keywords:  collection, generalized
a generalized collection of knowledge