Definitions for "Neoplatonism"
A pantheistic eclectic school of philosophy, of which Plotinus was the chief (a. d. 205-270), and which sought to reconcile the Platonic and Aristotelian systems with Oriental theosophy. It tended to mysticism and theurgy, and was the last product of Greek philosophy.
Neoplatonism is a compilation of Platonic, Aristotelian and Stoic ideas that experienced a strong revival during the late Middle Ages and the Renaissance. Central to the philosophy is the notion that spiritual things are real and that material things are not. The freeing of the spiritual element, the soul, from the material element, the body, should be the ultimate goal of all of mankind and could be achieved through knowledge and contemplation.
A school of Greek philosophy established in Alexandria in the 3rd century C.E. that was revived by Italian humanists beginning in the 15th century. Renaissance scholars, led by Marsilio Ficino who was responsible for translating the works of Plato and Plotinus from Greek into Latin, tried to devise a system of thought to reconcile Neoplatonic mystic thought with Christian beliefs.