Any revival of the ancient styles of Greece and Rome, particularly during the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. The shapes and ornaments of ancient architecture were applied (incorrectly) to furniture design.
Emerging in the late 1750s and taking firm root in the 1770s, this style favored strong geometric forms, linearity and restrained use of Roman and Greek architectural motifs. Classical antiquity was imitated as a source of inspiration, but rarely directly copied.
(literally, "new classicism") any style that emulates the reserved intellectual aesthetics of Greco-Roman classicism. More particularly, artworks of the eighteenth century that exhibit that period's reawakened interest in classicism.