Necrotizing enterocolitis (is an inflammation causing injury to the bowel. NEC may involve only the innermost lining or the entire thickness of the bowel and variable amounts of the bowel. Necrotizing enterocolitis affects mainly premature babies.
This potentially dangerous intestinal problem most commonly affects premature babies. The bowel may become damaged when its blood supply is decreased and bacteria that are normally present in the bowel invade the damaged area, causing more damage. Babies with NEC develop feeding problems, abdominal swelling and other complications. If tests show a baby has NEC, he will be fed intravenously while his bowel heals. Sometimes damaged sections of intestine must be surgically removed.
An infection of the intestine, sometimes occurring in premature infants who have begun to feed. NEC is usually treated successfully by withholding feedings and administering antibiotics. If severe, surgery may be required.
a deterioration of the intestinal tract. It is caused by inflammation of the intestinal tract or decreased blood supply to the bowel. This complication of prematurity generally improves, but it can lead to perforation of the bowel, sepsis, or death.