A general term denoting muscle, tendon, ligament, nerve and blood vessel damage caused by work performed in awkward postures or with excessive effort that can result in fatigue, discomfort and other specific disorders like tendonitis or carpal tunnel syndrome.
Injury of muscles or tissues that connect muscle to bone, accompanied by symptoms of swelling and discomfort. A medical diagnosis often reveals tendinitis. Example: tennis elbow. These disorders have been popularized in the media under the names cumulative trauma disorder (CTD), repetitive strain injury (RSI), repetitive motion injury (RMI), and overuse syndrome. However, musculoskeletal disorder is a more accurate representation of this group of maladies. These injuries can be chronic, either recurring or taking a long time to heal.
Used to describe a range of disorders or injuries, MSD may include injuries and disorders of the muscles, nerves, tendons, ligaments, joints, cartilage and spinal discs. Some examples include carpel tunnel syndrome, pinched nerves, or sciatica.