MPEG1 is the first of a family of motion video and audio compression standards. It provides DCT lossy compression with rather high quality. It is intended for broadcast quality applications, with resolutions based upon the CCIR (now ITU-R) 601 standard for video coding. It uses three coding protocols: Intraframe coding or I-Pictures (no prediction), P-Pictures, incorporating motion prediction from the previous video image and, B-Pictures (bi-directional prediction) which include motion prediction one frame ahead as well as from the previous frame. MPEG2 has largely supplanted MPEG1.