A government formed by a party or a coalition of parties (two or more parties) when they don't have a parliamentary majority.
A federal or provincial government in which the governing party has less than a majority of all the seats in the house. The party with the largest number of seats is usually called upon by the Governor General in the case of the House of Commons or the Lieutenant Governor of each province to form a government. Such governments usually run by negotiated pacts with smaller parties. Formal coalition governments are uncommon in Canada.
A government formed by a party which does not have an absolute majority in the House of Commons. Harold Wilson led a Labour minority government between February and October 1974.