An action-based and task-oriented approach to documentation. It emphasises what users should do and it avoids swamping readers with information that is not relevant. The central principle is task-orientation. Brevity is a key element, but only because it can aid task-oriented activity. Minimalism has nothing to do with producing thin manuals by omitting vital information. The term was coined by Carroll in the early 1980s. He states the basic principles as: Choose an action-oriented approach. Anchor the tool in the task domain. Support error recognition and recovery. Support reading to do, study and locate.
A trend in design where clothes are stripped down to their most basic elements. A look characterised by simple forms and basic colour schemes. Payal Jain, for example, says she espouses a minimalist look.