the climate of mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers which is typical of Mediterranean Basin; also found in several other widely separated parts of the world: California (North America), Central Chile (South America), Western Cape (South Africa), Southwest and South Australia [MAP].
Mediterranean climates are found between about 30° and 45° latitude on the western sides of continents. Typically they have hot, dry summers and cool, wet winters. They are drier climates than in the humid subtropics. Precipitation ranges between 35 and 90 cm per year. This climate is named after the Mediterranean Sea but is found in other locations such as southern California and south Africa.