A membrane-bound sac within the cytoplasm of animal cells that contains enzymes responsible for the digestion of material in food vacuoles, the dissolution of foreign particles entering the cell and, on the death of the cell, the breaking down of all cell structures. The digestive system of the cell.
n. a particle in the cytoplasm of most cells that contains destructive, hydrolytic enzymes: The lysosomes function in many ways as the digestive system of the cell (Scientific American), (Greek lysis a loosening + soma body). lysostaphin n. an enzyme that destroys staphylococcal bacteria by disintegrating the bacterial cell wall.
Digestive 'plant' for proteins, lipids, and carbohydrates - Transports undigested material to cell membrane for removal - Vary in shape depending on process being carried out - Cell breaks down if lysosome explodes
(lie´ so soam) [Gr. lysis: a loosening + soma: body] • A membrane-bounded inclusion found in eukaryotic cells (other than plants). Lysosomes contain a mixture of enzymes that can digest most of the macromolecules found in the rest of the cell.
Lysosomes are organelles within plant cells (and other eukaryotic cells) that contain digestive enzymes and is involved with the digestion of food. A lysosome fuses with a vacular membrane that contains food, and the lysosome's enzymes digest the food, breaking the food down into its components.
Lysosomes are organelles that contain digestive enzymes (acid hydrolases). They digest excess or worn out organelles, food particles, and engulfed viruses or bacteria. The membrane surrounding a lysosome prevents the digestive enzymes inside from destroying the cell.