A malicious publication expressed either in print or in writing, or by pictures, effigies, or other signs, tending to expose another to public hatred, contempt, or ridicule. Such publication is indictable at common law.
it can mean scandalous statements made in writing about someone in the same sense as in England, but in Scotland most often means the form of a complaint made in a civil case, or the grounds of the charge made against the accused in a criminal one
Libel is a derogatory or defamatory statement that is permanent because it's in writing, on film, or in a picture. This includes all print products, radio and TV programmes and even stage plays. To prove libel, you must prove that the publication of this defamatory statement has caused actual financial or material loss to the person involved.
1) To publish defamatory statements about another. The general distinction between libel and slander is that the first must be in writing or similar permanent form, while the latter is oral. The distinction at law is not as simple. 2) In maritime law, the word for a legal action directed against a ship.
The reputation of a person, product, company or institution is damaged when someone communicates with "reckless disregard of the truth" a falsehood about the subject to one other person. Do not go about spreading slander among your people. Do not do anything that endangers your neighbor's life. I am the Lord. Do not hate your brother in your heart. (Leviticus 19:16-17)
Harmful remarks, made in writing, that might injure a personâ€™s reputation (could also be in a picture, sign, etc.). Slander refers to the same type of remarks that are made verbally. In both cases, the remarks must be false and the person who makes the oral or written remarks must know those remarks are untrue.
(1) A written or recorded remark concerning another, which that party considers to be injurious to his or her reputation, good name, or character. (2) A defamatory statement that is recorded in writing or some other permanent form.
A written statement that damages a person's reputation, character, or good name. The statement can appear in a letter, in an article, or even in a posting on an e-mail list or bulletin board. See also defamation; slander.
Defamation of an individual or individuals in a published work, with malice aforethought. In litigation, the falsity of the libelous statements or representations, as well the intention of malice, has to be proved for there to be libel. In addition, financial damages to the parties so libeled must be incurred as a result of the material in question for there to be an assessment of the amount of damages to be awarded to a claimant. This is contrasted to slander, which is defamation through the spoken word.
use of print or pictures to harm someone's reputation. Until 1964, a person could prove that they had been libeled simply by showing that the statements in question were incorrect. In 1964, the Supreme Court decided that public officials had to prove that the statements in question were made with "actual malice"-for the purpose of harming the person's reputation. As a result of the Supreme Court case, Time, Inc. v. Firestone (1976); private individuals only have to prove negligence, rather than "actual malice," on the part of the press.
(Diffamation) This refers to anything that is written and published, tending to injure the reputation of another unjustly by bringing them to ridicule, hatred or contempt. If the same words were spoken instead of written and published, the term "slander" would apply.
A libel case consists of published material with the following criteria: (1) The material is defamatory; (2) the written statements are about someone who is identifiable and living; (3) the material is distributed to someone other than the victim. A key in a libel case is that the victim's reputation must suffer as a result of these written words in order for the action to be actionable.
Libel is a verse genre primarily of the Renaissance, descended from the tradition of invective in classical Greek and Roman poetry. Libel is usually expressly political, and balder and coarser than satire. Libels were generally not published but circulated among friends and political partisans in manuscript.
In 1934, Aleister Crowley began a libel case against a writer who had called him a black magician. Some suggest that he did this simply because he was desperate for money and thought he might be awarded damages. The judge presiding over the case heard excerpts of Crowley's pornographic poetry and the testimonies of ex-disciples. Crowley lost the case.