A surgical operation in which the abdomen is opened. Needed for microsurgery operations on the fallopian tubes (although some operations formerly done only at laparotomy are now possible at laparoscopy). For infertility surgery, the scar from a laparotomy is usually a low, horizontal one, just above the pubic bone. Several days in hospital are needed; most people are off work about 3 weeks; and some numbness or sensitivity below the scar can be expected for several months, as nerves to the skin regrow.
A surgical opening of the abdominal cavity. The skin incision can be either transverse vertical. The transverse incision is usually an inch or so above the pubic bone. This type of incision is also known as a bikini cut. This is the most common type of incision used during a C-Section. A vertical skin incision usually extends from the pubic bone to the belly button.
traditional abdominal surgery - the incision is made in the abdominal wall vertically or horizontally. The surgery is performed through these incisions. Recovery takes longer and is more painful. This type of surgery is used if Endometriosis is more advanced and the surgeon needs better access to the abdominal cavity