A publication which has scholarly information, usually written by professors, researchers, or experts in a subject area and not intended for the general public. See magazines.
published in print, and increasingly online. Contains multiple articles. Databases often provide citations to journal articles. Audience: Scholars, specialists, and students. Coverage: Research results, frequently theoretical in nature. Written By: Specialists in the field; usually scholars with PhDs. Timelines: Current coverage (6 months - 3 years). Length:2,500 - 10,000 words. Content: Detailed examination, statistical analysis, graphics, bibliography usually included. Slant: Supposed to present objective/neutral viewpoint, may be difficult to comprehend because of technical language or jargon, often sponsored by professional associations. See: Flow of Information.