the repetition of a holy word as a form of prayer or devotion. The practice is prevalent in Hindus Shaivite sects, in Sikhism, in Sufism and in certain schools of Japanese Buddhism and reminds one of the Jesus Prayer.
m a n t r a-meditation; praying the v e d i c way: repeating the holy name with the m â h â m a n t r a and the P a ñ c a - t a t t v a - m a n t r a with the help of a j a p a - m âl â (vedic rosary, also see page and the g â y a t r î).
It is a recitation of certain words or phrases in a routine manner. If it is practiced without the concern for the meaning of the words or phrases it is likely to form a rigid knot. The famous among these japas is the Gayatri Japa that is used for spiritual benefit. Practice of Japa as such is not prohibited in Raja Yoga but the correct method of doing the same has to be learnt from the Guru.In the system of Sri Ramchandra' s Raja yoga a 3 point and a 4 point japa are advised for those who are not capable of adopting subtler methods.
Japa (Sanskrit: à¤œà¤ª) is a spiritual discipline involving the meditative repetition of a mantra or name of God. Usually the mantra or name is spoken softly, enough for the practitioner to hear it, or more rarely it is spoken purely within the recitors mind. Japa is commonly performed whilst sitting in a yogic meditation posture (said to improve concentration) but this is not always the case in all traditions.