Definitions for "Inferential statistics"
statistics used for making predictions about the population.
statistics used to determine whether changes in a dependent variable are caused by an independent variable. (56, 650)
The next step above descriptive statistics, inferential statistics uses significance tests and other measures to make inferences are made about the data - such as using a sample to make estimate about a population.
set of methods used to draw inferences about a large group of people from data available on only a representative subset of the group (Shavelson, 1996)