is an offence that is considered more serious than a summary offence and usually carries a more serious penalty. It includes such crimes as murder, robbery, and assault. Sentences are usually served in a federal institution.
The more serious criminal offences. These include crimes like murder and treason. Indictment The formal procedure used to deal with serious charges. It forces a judgment into a higher court. The accused is granted wider protection, such as trial by judge and jury, because of the serious penalties. Information The court document that starts the prosecution of a summary conviction offence. Interim Orders/Ruling Temporary orders made during the legal process that are not final and are subject to change once the court makes a verdict. For example: in custody matters, one parent may be granted custody of the children on an "interim" basis until trial or settlement. Intermittent sentence An intermittent sentence allows the person to serve the prison term in intervals over a long period of time. (e.g. on weekends) An intermittent sentence may be no more than 90 days long.
Relatively serious offences are classified as 'indictable' under the Criminal Procedure Act 1986. These are offences such as murder, armed robbery, sexual assault, arson and drug trafficking. The prosecution specifies the charges in an 'indictment' presented to the court. Indictable offences are usually dealt with by a judge, or a judge and jury. However, some indictable offences are dealt with summarily by a magistrate in the Local Court, unless the prosecution or the defendant choose to have the offence dealt with on indictment in the District Court. Examples of these offences are break, enter and steal, motor vehicle theft and malicious wounding.
More serious crimes heard by a higher court eg break and enter, stealing, rape Related links: Children & Criminal Law Coroner's Inquests Criminal Courts Justices of the Peace Police Powers Time Limits in Criminal Matters
case that has to be heard before a Judge and a jury in either the High Court or the District Court. Indictable offences are very serious for example, rape, murder, arson, and supply of Class A drugs. They are likely to be punished more severely.
In many common law jurisdictions (e.g. the United Kingdom, Canada, United States, India, Australia), an indictable offence is an offence which can only be tried on an indictment after a preliminary hearing to determine whether there is a prima facie case to answer or by a grand jury. In trials for indictable offences, the accused normally has the right to a jury trial, unless he or she waives that right. In the United States, a crime of similar severity is usually referred to as a felony although it too proceeds after an indictment.