(1) The process of calling a witness's testimony into question. For example, if the attorney can show that the witness may have fabricated portions of his or her testimony, the witness is said to be "impeached"; (2) the constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government, who are then tried by the Senate.
During a trial, the process of trying to undermine the testimony of a witness. This is sometimes called "impeaching the testimony of a witness." For example, a witness credibility may be called into question by showing they are biased, inaccurate, unreliable, dishonest, or incorrect in some manner.
An accusation made by a legislature, or part of legislature, against an executive or judicial officer. The Impeachment is only the accusation and does not indicate guilt, which is determined at a trial in the other part of the legislature.
A formal charge of malfeasance in office, treason, or criminality raised against the President, other federal official, or federal judge [but not against a Member of Congress. See "expulsion."] Only the House of Representatives may bring an impeachment against an official, while only the Senate may try and convict the accused. Conviction requires a two-thirds vote in the Senate and results in removal of the official from his office.
Process by which members of the Executive Branch or the Judiciary are formally charged with crimes that could be grounds for removing them from office. A trial follows impeachment to determine the fate of the impeached individual.
A technique used during cross-examination to discredit a witness's testimony. Impeachment can be accomplished in a number of ways: by demonstrating and emphasizing the difference between the witness's testimony at trial and a prior statement, showing bias, showing erroneous assumptions made by the witness in drawing conclusions, etc. The intent of impeachment is to show the jury that the witness cannot be believed.
The proceedings by which charges against certain office-holders are heard in the House of Representatives. The Governor, Lieutenant Governor, members of the Cabinet, justices of the Supreme Court, and judges may be removed from office by impeachment. The House of Representatives has the sole power to impeach. It may do so by a two-thirds vote of the members voting. The Senate tries all impeachments, with the Chief Justice of the Florida Supreme Court presiding. A two-thirds vote of the Senate is required to convict. If convicted, the officer is removed from office.
(1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
formal charges of "treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors" brought against the President, the Vice President, a Supreme Court justice, or any executive and judicial official. Members of Congress and military officers are not subject to impeachment. The House Judiciary Committee investigates the situation and makes a recommendation to the rest of the House on whether the official should be impeached. The rest of the House votes on the issue and, if the official is impeached, the Senate tries the case. If the official is convicted, he or she is removed from office. Since the ratification of the Constitution, the House of Representatives has impeached 16 federal officials, including 13 federal judges, of whom 7 were convicted by the Senate.
The first step for removing the president, vice president or other federal civil officers from office. An impeachment is a formal charge of treason, bribery or other crime. The House has the power to make a charge of impeachment (by simple majority vote), while the Senate has the power of trying the charges and convicting (by two-thirds vote of all senators present).
Impeachment generally means to bring charges against a public official for misbehavior in office. The House of Representatives impeached President Johnson in 1867 for violating the Tenure of Office Act, but a Senate trial failed to convict him of the impeachment charges.