resistance to disease; the body's ability to recognize and defend against pathogenic organisms and cancerous cells. Immunity may be either natural or acquired (i.e., artificially induced), long-lasting or temporary, partial or complete, specific or nonspecific.
Protection against a particular disease. Innate immunity is that nonspecific protection conferred by the body's fixed defences such as the skin, antimicrobial proteins and phagocytes. Long-lasting adaptive immunity is generated by the immune system after a first exposure to the disease, and is specific for the pathogen or toxin.
the condition of not being susceptible to the adverse effects of microorganisms, parasitic worms or to the toxic effect of substances (antigens – see above, Immune) such as bacterial toxins, foreign proteins, etc. Also, security against a particular disease.
The power an animal has to resist and/or overcome an infection to which most of its species are susceptible. Active immunity is due to the presence of antibodies formed by an animal in response to previous exposure to the disease or through live or modified-live vaccines. Passive immunity is produced by giving the animal preformed or synthetic antibodies as with killed vaccines.
The mechanism or state induced by vaccination or natural infection (active protection) or by introduction of foreign antibodies against a pathogen (passive protection). The body's immune system remembers previous encounters with a pathogen and uses antigen specific B cell or T cell memory, or both, to defend itself.
Resisting infection. The body activates the immune response when it is invaded by bacteria or viruses. Once the body has been exposed to a disease, it remembers it. If the disease should invade again, the immune system can react very quickly and keep the disease at bay. This is how vaccination works. Some people have poor immunity, which means they do not have much resistance to disease. This can be because they have a condition which has damaged their immune system (for example AIDS). Or it can be because chemotherapy has temporarily reduced their white blood cell count (and so their immunity).
The power an animal has to resist and/or overcome an infection to which most of its species is susceptible. Active immunity is attributable to the presence of antibodies formed by an animal in response to antigenetic stimulus. Passive immunity is produced by the administration of preformed antibodies.
(i) The resistance of a lysogen to superinfection by a phage with a similar regulatory mechanism (also called homoimmunity). For example, expression of the cI repressor by a lambda prophage prevents expression of genes in a secondary infection if the cI protein can bind to the regulatory region of the superinfecting phage. (ii) An adaptive antibody or cellular response against specific microbial infections.
An animal has immunity to a disease when it is protected either by antibodies to that disease or by cell mediated immunity. It may have made these antibodies itself in response to infection or vaccination or acquired them passively in colostrum or antiserum. Cell mediated immunity can be acquired through some vaccines (although not necessarily all vaccines), or from infection.
Protection against disease, usually infectious disease, mediated by a collection of molecules, cells and tissues collectively called the immune system. In a broader sense, immunity refers to the ability to respond to foreign substances, including microbes or molecules (1).
A state of relative resistance to an infection which may be innate (from inherited qualities) or acquired actively or passively, naturally or artificially. Active immunity is acquired either through a natural infection or through vaccination while passive immunity is acquired either naturally from the transfer of maternal antibodies to the child or artificially by the injection of immunoglobulin.
A condition in which the animal's immune system has been primed and is able to protect the body from a disease-causing agent such as a certain virus or bacteria. An animal could have immunity to one agent, such as parvovirus, but not have immunity to another agent, such as rabies.
refers to the body's ability to resist a particular disease, especially by preventing the development of a pathogenic microorganism, or by counteracting the effects of its products. Active immunity refers to the use of vaccines that expose a body to a dead or weakened form of a particular antigen to stimulate the body's natural immune system. Passive immunity refers to immunity to particular antigens that occurs when genetic traits are passed on from parents to offspring.
A state of resistance to the onset of disease caused by a specific infectious agent. Immunity may be conferred: by innate non-specific body defenses such as the skin and mucosal surfaces; or through immunological 'memory' of a specific immune response which was mounted against the same (or similar) infectious agent during a previous exposure.
Protection from something. People who have had a viral disease generally are resistant to re-infection for a time, because viruses generally stimulate a response from the immune system. Vaccines confer immunity by stimulating a similiar response; see vaccination.
The condition of being immune; an organism's capacity to resist disease. Immunity may be either innate or acquired. Innate immunity is natural or inherited. Acquired immunity may be active (resulting from either previous exposure to the disease-causing agent or vaccination) or passive (resulting from the transfer of preformed antibodies in immune serum or from mother to fetus).
gameplay] A player with immunity to a certain type of damage can ignore the affects of it. Example: 40% resistance to electricity means that 40% of the time one is struck with lightning, one completely ignores the damage from it.* Builder note: Setting a mob immune to a certain type of damage implies 95% immunity. See also: WARDS, RESISTANCE, SUSCEPTABILITY.
Acquired immunity is the bodies response to a specific substance or organism. Innate immunity is the body's non specific response to a substance or an infective organism that is senses to be foreign or invading.
Protection against a disease. There are two types of immunity, passive and active. Immunity is indicated by the presence of antibodies in the blood and can be determined with a laboratory test. See active and passive immunity.
Protection against a disease. There are two types of immunity: active and passive. Active immunity is protection that is produced by the person's own immune system; this type of immunity is usually permanent. Passive immunity is protection by products produced by an animal or human and transferred to another human, usually by injection. Passive immunity often provides effective protection, but this protection wanes (disappears) over time, usually a few weeks or months.
Immunity is medical term that describes a state of having sufficient biological defenses to avoid infection, disease, or other unwanted biological invasion. Immunity involves both specific and non-specific components. The non-specific components act either as barriers or as eliminators of pathogens to stop infection by micro-organisms before they can cause disease.
Freedom or exemption from any charge, duty, obligation, office, tax, imposition, penalty, or service; a particular privilege; as, the immunities of the free cities of Germany; the immunities of the clergy.
(1) The constitutional privilege of members of Congress to make verbal statements on the floor and in committee for which they cannot be sued or arrested for slander or libel. Also, freedom from arrest while traveling to or from sessions of Congress or on official business. Members in this status may be arrested only for treason, felonies or a breach of the peace, as defined by congressional manuals. (2) In the case of a witness before a committee, a grant of protection from prosecution based on that person’s testimony to the committee.
An exemption that a person (individual or corporate) enjoys from the normal operation of the law such as a legal duty or liability, either criminal or civil. For example, diplomats enjoy "diplomatic immunity" which means that they cannot be prosecuted for crimes committed during their tenure as diplomat. Another example of an immunity is where a witness agrees to testify only if the testimony cannot be used at some later date during a hearing against the witness. [Go to source
Knesset Members have parliamentary immunity that enables them to perform their functions without fear of legal actions. A Knesset Member may not be held criminally responsible for any act performed or opinion expressed while fulfilling his duty. A Knesset Member may not be prosecuted unless and until immunity is lifted. There are two forms of parliamentary immunity: * Essential immunity ensures that a Knesset Member is able to perform his/her duty. The immunity is for life, and remains valid after the Knesset Member completes his term. * Legal immunity that the Knesset itself may remove from a Knesset Member in the event of non-minor legal proceedings that are not related to functioning as a Member of Knesset.
The privileges afforded by the Constitution whereby legislators are exempt from arrest while attending a session or when traveling to and from a session (except in cases of treason or high misdemeanor, now classified as a crime of the third degree or greater); also, the exemption from questioning on remarks made in speech or debate during a session or committee meeting.
Immunity has special meaning in a 911 context. No CMRS or 911 provider, its employees, officers or agents is criminally liable or liable for any damages in a civil action for injuries, death or loss to person or property resulting from any act or omission in connection with the development, adoption, implementation, maintenance, enhancement or operation of E911 service, unless such damage or injury was intentional or the result of gross negligence or willful or wanton conduct.
An exemption from the normal operation of the law such as a legal duty or liability, either criminal or civil, enjoyed by a person (individual or corporate) For example, diplomats enjoy "diplomatic immunity" which means that they cannot be prosecuted for crimes committed during their tenure as diplomat or a witness may agree to testify only if the testimony cannot be used at some later date during a hearing against that witness.
Immunity confers a status on a person or body that places him/her/it above the law and makes that person or body free from otherwise legal obligations such as, for example, liability for torts or damages or prosecution under criminal law for criminal acts. There are various types of immunity, such as judicial immunity, prosecutorial immunity, parliamentary immunity, immunity from prosecution, diplomatic immunity and sovereign immunity.
Testing done to determine immunity from electromagnetic or electro static discharge (ESD). The European IEC 801 or 1000 or EN61000 are test specifications and procedures. Dash numbers indicates the levels. Generally, the higher the number, the better the power supply is able to withstand the test condition.
If a group (or Power Structure) is immune to a certain type of group, it cannot be attacked or affected by the Power, Global Power or special abilities of any enemy group of that type. Those groups can't even aid an attack on the immune group or Power Structure. They defend normally against its attacks. If your whole Power Structure is immune to something, your hand, decks, and discard pile are also immune
Immunity resulting from the transfer of protective factors from one individual to another. This may be done artificially by obtaining serum from an immune animal and injecting it into a non-immune animal. Passive immunity is of short duration measured in terms of days or weeks.
Under Section 20 of the Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 1992 a trade union may be immune from legal liability for a tort (a civil wrong against another party) for inducing or threatening to break a contract (i.e. an employment contract between the employer and employee) if done in contemplation or furtherance of a legitimate trade dispute. Immunity can be lost under certain specified circumstances.
The condition of being protected by something. For example, a farm may be immune from a nuisance lawsuit if it was present before a housing development was built nearby, the farm is in compliance with all federal, state, and local laws and regulations, and there is a Right to Farm law in the state where the farm is located. See also Right-To-Farm.------------------------- Home | | Bottom