Definitions for "Hypothesis testing"
Keywords:  null, loec, noec, reject, statistics
When epidemiologists conduct studies to evaluate disease patterns or relationships, they often uncover associations between exposures and disease. Hypothesis testing is the epidemiological process by which researchers ask the question: " Does the association that I have observed represent a causal relationship between the putative exposure and the disease?"
Statistical hypothesis testing is formalized as making a decision between rejecting or not rejecting a null hypothesis, on the basis of a set of observations. Used to determine whether the observed differences can be attributable to chance alone.
The process of accepting or rejecting a hypothesis. Also see hypothesis.