The philosophy or theory that views relative historical events as the determinants of cultural values, institutions, and ideas, including those of historians and philosophers.
(according to Karl Popper) a label for those kinds of social philosophy which engage in sweeping historical prophesy and assert the inevitability of the prophesied course of history. (according to Isaiah Berlin) the view that "human thought and action are fully intelligible only in relation to their historical context"
The belief that the book of Revelation provides a prophetic and chronological outline of Christian history. Historicism was embraced by Martin Luther and John Calvin, and a rigid form of it is taught today by groups such as the Seventh-Day Adventists. There are valid elements and insights contained in historicism, and Catholics can benefit from them when they are studied with care and in the light of Church teaching.