A measure of land, common in Domesday Book and old English charters, the quantity of which is not well ascertained, but has been differently estimated at 80, 100, and 120 acres.
A very old English unit of area, a hide was of variable size depending on locale and the quality of the land. It was the amount of land to support a family, and ranged from 60 to 180 acres. After the Norman conquest in 1066 it became standardized at around 120 acres.
A unit of measurement for assessment of tax, theoretically 120 acres, although it may vary between 60 and 240 acres. It is by custom the land that can be cultivated by one eight ox plow in one year. (MEDIEV-L. Medieval Terms) Originally the land necessary to sustain a peasant household. Sometimes reckoned at 120 acres but in fact the hide varied according to locality, date, and government needs. (Wood, Michael. Domesday: A Search for the Roots of England, 214) An Anglo-Saxon term still used in many parts of the country, and commonly at this period as a measurement of land, roughly equivalent to the carucate, but more properly a unit of assessment, e.g., to taxation. (Warren, W.L. Henry II, 635) Related terms: Hundred / Wapentake