HIPAA 1996 federal legislation that included health care coverage protections for employees and their families leaving or changing a job. This Act also includes provisions for health data security, standardizing electronic claim data and formats, and the requirement to enact medical confidentiality laws.
HIPAA - A U.S. regulation that gives patients greater access to their own medical records and more control over how their personally identifiable health information is used. The regulation also addresses the obligations of healthcare providers and health plans to protect health information. In general, covered entities such as health plans, healthcare clearinghouses, and healthcare providers which conduct certain financial and administrative transactions electronically had until April 14, 2003, to comply.