A group of peers selected to decide whether or not there is enough evidence to bring a case to trial. It tends to be a rubber stamp, because only the prosecutor gets to present evidence, but that hasn't prevented some from blocking bad prosecution.
A group of citizens assembled in secret to hear or investigate allegations of criminal behavior. A grand jury has authority to conduct criminal investigations and to charge a crime through an indictment.
A jury of 12 to 18 persons selected to inquire into alleged crimes in order to determine whether the evidence is sufficient to warrant a trial. Only the prosecution presents evidence to the grand jury.
A jury of inquiry whose duty is to receive complaints and accusations in criminal cases, hear evidence and find bills of indictment in cases where they are satisfied that there is probable cause that a crime was committed and that a trial ought to be held.
an inquisitorial body pertaining alone to offenses committed within the county, or that could be prosecuted in the county and has no power to inquire concerning offenses committed beyond the county's boundaries
a group of citizens who listen to the government present evidence of criminal activity by an individual or individuals in order to determine whether there is enough evidence to justify filing an indictment charging the individual or individuals with a crime.
An independent jury who reviews complaints and accusations in criminal cases filed by prosecutors to see if there is probable cause or reason to believe a crime was committed by the particular person charged and whether a jury trial should occur. They hear evidence. In cases where they believe a trial is warranted they file indictments. In cases, where they believe a trial is not warrant and there is not probable cause they file a no true bill and the case ends prior to trial.
A body of persons with the authority to investigate and accuse, but not to try cases. The grand jury will listen to and review evidence to see if it there are sufficient grounds to bring an individual to trial.
A jury of inquiry whose duty is to receive complaints and accusations in criminal cases, hear the evidence and find bills of indictment in case where they are satisfied a trial is needed. Grand juries also can initiate their own investigations.
A group of five to seven citizens who review indictments presented by a commonwealth's attorney, including those certified by a district court judge. If the grand jury determines, by majority vote, there is probable cause for the defendant to stand trial in circuit court, the indictment will be returned as "a true bill." If the grand jury does not find probable cause, the indictment will be returned as "not a true bill," and all charges will be dropped. The commonwealth's attorney can present the same charge to the grand jury in the future. Since the defendant was not in jeopardy of punishment when the grand jury was considering the original bill of indictment, a representment is not considered unconstitutional double jeopardy.
A group of citizens who hear evidence presented by the prosecutor and decide if there is enough evidence to charge and try the person(s) accused of one or more felonies. Not all cases are presented to a grand jury; many cases are filed directly with the court with a probable cause affidavit.
A body of 16-23 citizens who listen to evidence of criminal allegations, which is presented by the prosecutors, and determine whether there is probable cause to believe an individual committed an offense.
The Grand Jury is a group of citizens who determine whether or not to indict Defendants charged with a felony. Unlike a trial by jury, Grand Jury proceedings are closed and the Defendant has no right to participate or even be present.
A panel of registered voters which considers charges a prosecutor has filed against an accused, and/or investigates criminal activity on its own direction. The use of the grand jury varies throughout the country. In some states, it is mandatory for all felony charges. In others, there is no grand jury system at all. Illinois has a grand jury system, but its use in a particular case is a matter of prosecutorial discretion. [Go to source
A body of citizens who listen to evidence of criminal allegations, which are presented by the government, and determines whether there is probable cause to believe the offense was committed. As it is used in federal criminal cases, "the government" refers to the lawyers of the U.S. attorney's office who are prosecuting the case.
In Minnesota, a panel of citizens who hear evidence against a person accused of a crime and determine whether that person should stand trial. A grand jury can also investigate various aspects of government at its own initiative, particularly charges of corruption or mismanagement.
a grand jury is composed of eighteen citizens meet in felony cases to determine whether a crime probably occurred and whether the defendant probably committed the crime. If twelve of the eighteen jurors, agree then they return a true bill of indictment. The office of the District Attorney prepares indictments.
A jury of "inquiry" or "inquisition" which listens to complaints and accusations and decides whether to find bills of indictment in criminal cases. In territorial Arkansas, the sheriff would summons twenty four men of stature and good reputation to serve on a grand jury. Only sixteen needed to be present for the jury to function, and no more than twenty three could be present.
Group of citizens, usually numbering 23, assembled to determine whether enough evidence exists to charge an individual with a felony. May issue indictment, charging the suspect, or may have power to issue presentment. Compare petit jury.
A jury of inquiry called by the prosecutor's office to hear the evidence presented and determine if it is sufficient to proceed with a criminal charge. Grand juries do not deliberate and reach a verdict of guilt or innocence. In Wisconsin grand juries are made up of 17 jurors. Use of grand juries is very rare. Unlike the petit jury trial, grand jury proceedings are secret.
A group of 16-23 citizens who listen to evidence of criminal allegations presented by the District Attorney and his or her prosecutors in order to determine whether there is enough probable cause to bring that individual to trial. See also Indictment.
A group of people selected to sit on a jury that decides whether to return indictments. Grand juries usually consist of 23 people and convene for a minimum of one month but can last up to a year. (Wex)
An American criminal justice procedure whereby, in each court district, a group of 16-23 citizens holds an inquiry on criminal complaints brought by the prosecutor and decides if a trial is warranted, in which case an indictment is issued. If a Grand Jury rejects a proposed indictment it is known as a "no bill"; if they accept to endorse a proposed indictment it is known as a "true bill".
A body of persons who have been selected according to law and sworn to hear the evidence against accused persons and determine whether there is sufficient evidence to bring those persons to trial, to investigate criminal activity generally, and to investigate the conduct of public agencies and officials.
Group of 16 citizens drawn from Maricopa County to investigate in private criminal matters pertaining to Maricopa County when asked to do so by the County Attorney. There may be more than one County Grand Jury going at any time, each meeting twice a week. Evidence is presented by a prosecutor and witness(es). County Grand Juries typically hear cases involving drugs, murder, rape, burglaries, and assaults. County Grand Jury must decide by simple majority whether there is probable cause to believe the defendant committed the crime. County Grand Jury has the power to charge a crime by indictment; also may have the power to issue a report or presentment without charging a crime. A Grand Jury proceeding negates the need for a Preliminary Hearing.
Group of 16 citizens which can meet in the Superior Court of either Maricopa County (Phoenix) or Pima County (Tucson) to investigate in private criminal matters that pertain to the State when asked to do so by the State Attorney General. State Grand Jury typically hears white-collar crimes, fraudulent schemes and artifices, and forgeries. Typically, one State Grand Jury meets once a month for four days. Nine members of the State Grand Jury must vote a true bill, which is to say they found probable cause that the defendant committed the crime.
A group of 12 to 16 citizens who usually serve a term of not more than 120 days to hear or investigate charges of criminal behavior. Their indictment, called a true bill, leads to a court trial of the person charged.
a group of individuals designated by law to determine whether enough evidence exists to merit a charge against the criminally accused; no parallel in civil law although many states require a review and certification prior a patients bringing of an action against a doctor or other person or entity providing medical services
A group of citizens whose duty it is to inquire into a crime to determine if a criminal indictment against a person is warranted. In Iowa, a grand jury shall meet at the direction of the court, upon the request of a majority of grand jurors, or at the request of the county attorney. Typically, the county attorney is allowed to appear before a grand jury for the purpose of presenting information and examining witnesses. Grand jury proceedings are closed to the public.
A grand jury is a type of a jury, in the common law legal system, which determines if there is enough evidence for a trial. Grand juries carry out this duty by examining evidence presented to them by a prosecutor and issuing indictments, or by investigating alleged crimes and issuing presentments. A grand jury is traditionally larger and distinguishable from a petit jury, which is used during a trial.