The science which treats of the principles of language; the study of forms of speech, and their relations to one another; the art concerned with the right use and application of the rules of a language, in speaking or writing.
the predictable patterns and systems of sounds (or gestures), sequences or words, and assemblages of meaningful elements of any language. These patterns are also called rules. All languages (and dialects) have grammar, and it is this grammar that linguists study and analyze. See also SYSTEMATIC AND RULE-GOVERNED.
The study of grammar in medieval education included not only the study of the main elements of language but also a study of modes of expression. A student of grammar in the Middle Ages would expect to study prose and poetry, critical theory and literary criticism.
(RTN) a formal metalanguage using production rules to characterize patterns containing certain repeated sequences, excursus F ¶3. A recursive transition network (RTN) may fill the role of a c.f.g., excursus F ¶8.
a formal language constructed to describe a (natural) language, ¶2-1-5. The psychological object of study contrasts with a f. g. of that object. The f. g. of this book is a generative transformational grammar, which has the elements of a calculus, ¶4-1-2.
the term is generally used to include syntax and morphology but may also be used in a wider sense to include rules of phonology and semantics. A grammar is a collection of linguistic rules which define a language.
Branch of linguistics that deals with syntax and morphology, sometimes also phonology and semantics; the abstract system of rules in terms of which mastery of a native language can be explained; a systematic description of the grammatical facts of a language; the study of the classes of words, their inflections (variable parts) and their functions and relations in the sentence; broadly, this study when taken to include that of phonology (the sound system of a language) and sometimes of usage. Grammar is the ancient and imprecise name for the study of language and is today usually taken to include morphology and syntax but not phonetics or semantics.
Grammar is the system of relationships between elements of the sentence that links the ‘sounds' to the ‘meanings'. It is used to refer both to the knowledge of language in the speaker's mind, and to the system as written down in rules, grammar-books and other descriptions. The type of grammar derived from classical languages that is often taught in schools is called traditional grammar and is more concerned with prescribing how native speakers should use language than with describing it. Main areas of grammar are WORD ORDER, GRAMMATICAL MORPHEMES, GRAMMATICAL INFLECTIONS and PHRASE STRUCTURE. See also prescriptive grammar, traditional grammar.
Not to be confused with socially correct usage. In order to handle novel sentences, we not only need to access the words stored in our brains but also the patterns of sentences possible in a particular language. These patterns describe not just patterns of words but also patterns of patterns. There are three aspects of grammar: morphology (word forms and endings), syntax (from the Greek "to arrange together" – the ordering of words into clauses and sentences), and phonology (speech sounds and their arrangements). A complete collection of rules is called the mental grammar of the language, or grammar for short. grammar
The structure of a language, particularly the way words and phrases are formed and combined to produce sentences. It takes into account the meanings, functions, and organisation of these sentences in the system of the language.
(1) the system of structural relationships in a language: how words and part of words combine to form sentences. (2) a systematic description of a language. Comprehensive descriptions of the word structure and sentence structure of a language are known as reference grammars, while teaching grammars are descriptions designed specifically for teaching or learning a language.
A grammar may be informally thought of the set of words and category symbols in a language, together with the rules governing their combination into sentences. It is, in human terms, what speakers know of their language independent of their ability to use that knowledge. See also Competence Knowledge, Competence/Performance, Syntax.
Grammar is the study of rules governing the use of language. The set of rules governing a particular language is the grammar of that language; thus, each language can be said to have its own distinct grammar. Grammar is part of the general study of language called linguistics.