The name given to the hypothetical southern hemisphere supercontinent consisting of South America, Africa, Madagascar, India, Arabia, Malaya and the East Indies prior to its breakup. The northern hemisphere analogue was called Laurasia and both comprised a theoretical single supercontinent called Pangaea before breaking up.
The southern fragment of Pangea, a supercontinent in the Southern Hemisphere that split at the end of the Cretaceous epoch; see continental drift. Antarctica, S. America, Australasia, India, and Africa once composed Gondwanaland.
Gondwanaland, also known as Gondwana, was the southern supercontinent formed after Pangaea broke up during the Jurassic period. It included what are now the continents South America, Africa, India, Australia, and Antarctica. Gondwanaland was named for a district in India where the fossil plant Glossopteris was found; this plant led E. Suess to deduce that the southern continents were once joined, supporting Wegener's continental drift theory
Gondwanaland, originally billed as Gondwanaland Project, are an Australian musical ensemble which combines traditional Australian instruments such as didgeridoo and bullroarer with western instruments such as synthesizer and guitar.