From the Aramaic word for skull; thus, the Place of the Skull. The name of the place outside Jerusalem where Christ was crucified (Matthew 27:33). Calvary, from calvaria, meaning skull (Luke23:33), is the Latin translation of the Aramaic word.
Said to mean literally "the place of the skull", this is the hill on which Jesus was crucified. It may have gotten its name because, perhaps, the bodies of the crucified were buried nearby. However, there is an old tradition that Jesus was crucified on the hill where Adam was buried. Some paintings of the crucifixion show Adam's skull at the root of the cross. Many parallels and contrasts have been drawn between Adam and Christ: one began and one ends the story of salvation; both were tempted; both were placed in a garden (if only briefly, in Christ's case); Christ's genealogy is drawn back to Adam (if in two different ways); Christ on the cross is regarded as the restoration of the "fruit" to the "tree" that Adam had taken; paintings of the harrowing of hell show Adam and Eve as the first two to escape.