Militarily and strategically important region that Israel captured from Syria in the 1967 Six Day War. Prior to 1967, Syria shelled Israeli farmers in the Galilee from the Heights. Shortly before Syrian President Hafez Assad passed away in June 2000, the One Israel led government was close to withdrawing from the Golan Heights as part of a peace deal with Syria.
Militarily and strategically important region that Israel captured from Syria in the Six-Day War and annexed in 1981. Prior to 1967, Syria terrorized Israeli farmers in the Galilee by shelling them from the Heights. Archaelogical evidence shows an ancient Jewish presence on the Golan Heights.
overlooking northern Israel annexed and colonised by Israel since 1967; Syria would like to control this area