A set of specifications produced by the National Institute of Standards and Technology for the U.S. federal government. FIPS specifications address communications, encryption, interoperability, hardware and other technical areas.
The National Institute for Science and Technology of the USA publish standards for Federal organizations. These are also generally used by US businesses. They are not standards in the same way as British Standards Institute (BSI) or American National Standards Institute (ANSI), but nevertheless have a considerable influence on industry and commerce as well as government. Many of the standard published deal with aspects of computer security, including the use of algorithms and cryptography.
FIPS (Fully Interactive Partition Splitter) is a DOS program for non-destructive splitting of hard disk partitions. Splitting partitions is an alternative to deleting the partitions and creating new ones using software such as fdisk, the advantage of which is that the data is not lost. The most common use is installing multiple operating systems on a single computer.
a code number assigned to each state and county within the United States. It is used by Child Support Enforcement Units to identify the enforcing state and county in collection reports to the state department.