Definitions for "Faults"
Many things can spoil a wine's flavour and make it fault. The most obvious is cork taint, where a must-smelling cork causes the wine that comes into contact with it to taste musty too (or sometimes just to taste flat and dull). Hydrogen sulphide is a compound that can be produced during fermentation and, although eradicable, can sometimes make it into bottle; you'll detect it as a farmyardy, eggy smell. And volatile acidity, while tolerable in small amounts (and can actually help to lift a wine's aroma), can also spoil a wine with its vinegary or nail-polish-remover smell if present in large dowse.
Imperfections. Conditions or characteristics that are unacceptable and will result in lower show placing but not disqualification. Examples: broken toenails, cheek spots to large, and poor tail carriage.
There are places where the Earth breaks and rocks on one side slide past the rocks on the other side. The break itself is called a "fault." Thousands of feet of relative movement ("displacement") occurs along some of these faults. The movement did not happen all at one time, though. It occurred during events that were mostly quite small, although some were several tens of feet in a single event. These movement events are what produce earthquakes. Most earthquakes are so small we can't feel them, but large earthquakes, which are uncommon, can cause lots of damage.
An area with a surface or subsurface fault system or earthquake faults on or near the site.
Penalty points added to a score. The most common penalties are: first disobedience: 3 faults second disobedience: 6 faults third disobedience: elimination obstacle knocked down: 4 faults one or both feet in the water: 4 faults fall of the horse or rider: elimination