a microogansim that lives in extreme conditions thermophiles - organisms that exist at high temperatures psychrophiles - organisms that exist at cold temperatures barophiles - organisms that exist at deep-pressure conditions halophiles - organisms that exist in high-salt conditions alkalophiles - organisms that exist in basic conditions acidophiles - organisms that exist in acidic conditions xerophiles - organisms that exist in dry conditions
Micro-organisms that live optimally at relatively extreme levels of acidity, salinity, temperature or pressures; discovered through bio-prospecting. Enzymes isolated from these organisms are used in some industrial manufacturing processes.
a specifically adapted organism/inhabitant of an extreme environment that would be toxic or deadly to others species
An extremophile is an organism, usually unicellular, which thrives in or requires 'extreme' conditions that would exceed optimal conditions for growth and reproduction in the majority of mesophilic terrestrial organisms.